(Title Photo Courtesy of Digital Deli.)
Listen to “The Great Detectives Present Pat Novak for Hire” on Spreaker.
Pat Novak for Hire aired from 1946-48 on KGO Radio, and1949 on ABC Radio.
Jack Webb (1946 and 1949) and Ben Morris (1947-48) played Pat Novak, a wisecracking freelancer who rents boats “and anything else that sounds like money.”
The plot of most Pat Novak episodes could be summarized as follows:
The show begins with Novak talking about the sign he put out, “Pat Novak for Hire,” and then the soliloquy turns into a discussion of what a forsaken hole the San Francisco Waterfront is, and how lowdown corrupt and awful everyone and everything around Pat Novak is.
Novak is then approached by someone who offers him an unseemly sum of money to perform an apparently mundane task. Novak is suspicious of the offer but when pressed agrees to take it against his better judgment because there’s money involved. Novak heads out to a location where he meets up with and mouths off to the wrong person landing him flat on his back unconcious. When he awakes, there’s a dead body beside him.
Within a minute, he’s nose to nose with Inspector Hellman, who promptly threatens to prosecute Novak for murder. Novak and Hellman then trade insults, and then fearing for his life (back in the 1940s, you didn’t have seventeen years worth of appeals on death row) Novak looks up the “only honest guy I know, an ex-Doctor and a boozer by the name of Jocko Madigan. A good guy… ” at which point Novak makes a witty remark about Jocko being a drunk.
Jocko waxes philisophical about how Novak got himself into the mess, declaring Novak hopeless, but still agreeing to help, Novak cajoling him all the way. Jocko is off to question witnesses and research public records.
At some point along the way, Novak runs into a woman who says Hello in a seductive voice. Odds are that she’s a manipulative sociopath.
In the middle of the case, Hellman will either call Novak on the telephone or taunt him in person and reveal some aspect of the police’s investigation. Jocko will gather some information. And either Novak or Jocko will put it all together, and once the dead bodies are all in the morgue and the surviving suspects are locked up, Inspector Hellman will have only one question and Novak will provide his sarcastic answer to end the episode.
The big difference between Novak and in Webb and Novak writer Richard Breen’s 1947 rip-off of Pat Novak, Johnny Madero is that Madero looks up “the only good guy I know,” Father Leahy. Johnny Madero hailed from Pier 23, while Pat Novak was on Pier 19. As a later Jack Webb show would say, “The names were changed to protect the innocent.”
That said, Radio Fans of the era loved Webb as Pat Novak. Breen left KGO and Webb with him. In 1947, KGO and ABC believed it could carry on Pat Novak without Novak and without writer Richard Breen. Letters poured in demanding that Webb be brought back, and in 1949 that’s just what happened.
What makes the series memorable? Two things. First, the dialogue was rich. As Novak (and Madero) Webb delivered hilarious and rich similes, and transformed the put down into an art form. Jocko Madigan’s soliloquies ranged from the sublimely wise to the hilarious. The show carried a sense of free verse poetry rarely match in old time radio.
Secondly, the show had flashes of brillance. When Webb and Breen began their work on KGO, Webb was 26, Breen was 28. They were on the verge of success. Webb was three years away from creating the police procedural drama that would redefine the genre. Breen was three years away from his first Writers Guild Award Nomination and seven years from an academy award. In Pat Novak, the potential and promise of two young men on the verge of greatness shown through, particularly with the occasional departure from the show’s formula.
And while Pat Novak was hardly Dragnet for Private Investigators (i.e. a portrayal of what real life is like,) Novak was far more real than many of his hard boiled counterparts like the unflappable Sam Spade.
Pat Novak and Johnny Madero Quotes
Novak is one of the most quotable radio shows out there. A couple websites have created a compendium of quotes. Here is a great index of Pat Novak Quotes. Also Digital Deli has several quotes on its Pat Novak and Johnny Madero pages.
About the Characters:
Pat Novak: Novak rents boats and takes private investigation jobs on the side, serving as a body guard, hunting down missing persons, deliverying packages while dishing out sarcasm and colorful metaphors. Novak spends a portion of most episodes unconscious. Early episodes portray Novak as a complete anti-hero. In the only surving episode from the 1946 season, Novak declares his aversion to paid murder only because of the consequences. However, later episodes often a portray slightly more noble impulses, such as when he gets himself in a jam helping a friend out with no hope of being paid for his trouble.
Jocko Madigan: Other than an occassional bout of induced unconciousness, Jocko’s drinking seemed to provide little impairment. Indeed, in early episodes, Jocko had more to do with solving the case than Novak himself which led me to hypothesize that Hellman only accused Novak of murder to get him to bring Jocko in.
Jocko is not without precedent in the fiction of the era. In a 1942 edition of Ellery Queen magazine, Anthony Boucher (who would later write Sherlock Holmes Radio plays) created a wino detective named Nick Noble, a police detective who responded to tragedy by crawling into a bottle. However, his alcoholism didn’t dimnish him as a detective. The police would make their way to the bar and bring their hardest cases to them.
For his part, Boucher couldn’t remember in later years where he came up with the idea of a “wino detective.” However, Mystery Award Theater did a presentation of “The Screwball Division” and the host suggested an exotic origin: Ancient Greece and the Oracle of Delphi. In the ancient world, particularly complex problems were brought to the Pythia who was basically believed to be intoxicated by the fumes coming up from the ground where she sat. In the same way, Jocko Madigan provides insight and clearheadedness despite his state of intoxication.
Inspector Hellman: Hellman was on the receiving end of some of Novak’s greatest verbal attacks. Hellman made up for it, as several times he put the beat down on Pat Novak. He constantly fingers Pat Novak as the killer and is constantly proven wrong. Beyond his tendancy towards physical violence, Hellman is a hard figure to peg, because the descriptions are left up to the president of the Cynic Society, Pat Novak. While we never see it, Novak alleges several times that Hellman pockets cash by robbing murder victims. Novak suggests that several times Hellman is an incompetent idiot, but others declares that Hellman is “too smart of a cop” to fall for this scheme or that. Was Breen clever enough to give us a cynical protagonist who projected his cynicism on to others? Was Hellman really a cop in a hurry who’d pin a murder rap on anyone or was Hellman really just giving the wayward detective motivation to solve the case for him.
Johnny Madero: The Movies
A series of three low budget films starring Hugh Beaumont (best known as Ward Cleaver) as hard-boiled San Francisco PI Dennis O’Brien. O’Brien works at a boat shop and troubleshoots for hire. He’s got a drunk sidekick…Is this starting to sound familiar? Many reviewers list the movie as a take-off on Pat Novak for Hire. In reality, the films were based on Johnny Madero, however with the Dipso character re-inserted.
The scripts were adapted by Herbert H. Margolis who wrote for Johnny Madero, not Pat Novak. Each movie was two stories in one movie of less than an hour in length. So in reality, they were early TV shows shown in a movie theater. The titles of the films were Danger Zone, Roaring City, and Pier 23 (the strongest tie to Johnny Madero.) This IMDB plot summary from the first episode of Danger Zone is the plot for the Johnny Madero episode known as, “The Fatal Auction.”
Claire Underwood hires San Francisco private-detective Dennis O’Brien to purchase a saxophone case at an auction, and O’Brien is promptly slugged and the case is stolen by Larry Dunlap.
The other plots from these three films don’t match up with the other circulating episode, Pete Sutro so those three films may provide a clue to what was in some of the lost episodes of Johnny Madero.
About the Stars:
Speaking of up and coming stars, at 32, Raymond Burr was one of several actors who played Hellman. . Burr not only did duty as Hellman, but also played a sea Captain and filled in for the announcer on one occassion. In late 1949, Burr would join Webb on Dragnet as Ed Backstand, Chief of Detectives. The quality of his voice was such that he could play a police officer who’d been on the force for 25 years even though Burr himself was only 32. As Backstrand, Webb stole the show on Dragnet. He was just a few years away from TV Superstardom. While he appeared in the Dragnet pilot, Burr’s biggest role was as Perry Mason. He won Emmys for the role in 1959 and 1961. In addition those Emmys, Burr was nominated for six other Emmys and two Golden Globes for his roles as Mason and Wheel Chair Bound San Francisco Detective Robert Ironside. Other famous roles for Burr included Lars Thorsen in Rear Window and American Reporter Steve Martin in the several Godzilla movies. After taking a 19-year break from playing Perry Mason, Burr brought the character back for a series of 26 popular mystery movies from 1985-93. Eightteen years after Ironside it, Burr filmed a revival of that series as well, which aired in 1993, the year Burr died at the age of 76.
Tudor Owen was a Welsh Born character actor who played in more than eighty movies and television pieces. Owens teamed up with Webb, not only in Novak, but also the radio version of Pete Kelly’s blues. Owen’s most memorable role was the voice of Towser in 101 Dalmatians. He died in Los Angels in 1979 at the age of 81. (Picture Courtesy of Digital Deli.)
Jack Webb: After leaving KGO in 1947 along with Breen, after Breen had a falling out with KGO management, Webb went to Hollywood. Along with playing Johnny Modero on the Mutual Broadcasting System in the Summer of 1947, and Jeff Regan Investigator on CBS in 1948, between his two stints on Pat Novak, Webb played bit parts in several radio dramas including Suspense, The Whistler, and Escape. In many of these appearances, he played underworld figures or bit parts.
Webb also began to take on a few movie roles and it was on the set of He Walked by Night that a police officer acting as technical advisor to the film let Webb have it over the lack of realism in Detective Shows, including Novak and suggesting a show that portrayed was policework was really like. This eventually led to the creation of Dragnet on radio and later on television.
Both on radio and television, Webb’s realism drove the success of the program. On radio, Dragnet provided not only a realism about the way police operate that had been missing, but Webb enhanced the radio experience with a five-person sound effects staff that made listeners feel as if they were riding along with Joe Friday and his partner.
Dragnet became a top-rated show on television, making the jump to TV in December, 1951. Dragnet spawned a Movie, a Comic Strip, and even a board game.
Dragnet ran out of gas in 1959 after more than 300 episodes and other Webb efforts met with mediocre success at best. After a failed tenure at Warner Brothers Television in the early 1960s, many thought was done for, but in 1967, Dragnet came back with gusto for a four year run that has often been described as campy. The show dealth frequently with the risks of drugs, with Friday pushing back against hard against the counter culture.
While he was making Dragnet, Webb launched two other series that would be remembered as TV Classics: Adam 12, which realistically portrayed patrol officers in the same Dragnet had detectives and Emergency, which focused on the work of paramedics.
When Webb died in 1982, the police badge number 714 of Joe Friday was retired. The Los Angeles Police Historical Society created the Jack Webb Awards in 1994 to honor lifelong committment to law enforcement.
Pat Novak for Hire Episodes
- Find John St. John (Original Air Date: October 13, 1946)*
- Go Away, Dixie Gillian (Original Air Date: November 26, 1946)
- The Jack of Clubs (Original Air Date: February 20, 1949)
- Marcia Halpern (Original Air Date: February 27, 1949)
- Fleet Lady (Original Air Date: March 6, 1949)
- Rubin Calloway’s Pictures (Original Air Date: March 13, 1949)
- Rory Malone (Original Air Date: March 20, 1949)
- Joe Candano (Original Air Date: March 27, 1949)
- Father Lahey (Original Air Date: April 2, 1949)
- Shirt Mix Up at the Laundry (Original Air Date: April 9, 1949)
- Sam Toliver (Original Air Date: April 23, 1949)
- Rita Malloy (Original Air Date: May 1, 1949)
- Wendy Morris (Original Air Date: May 8, 1949)
- The Geranium Plant (Original Air Date: May 15, 1949)
- Give Envelope to John St. John (Original Air Date: May 22, 1949)
- Agnes Bolton (Original Air Date: June 5, 1949)
- Georgie Lampson (Original Air Date: June 12, 1949)
- Joe Dineen (Orignal Air Date: June 19, 1949)
- Little Jake Siegel (improved audio revisit) (Original Air Date: June 26, 1949)
Johnny Madero Episodes:
End of Log
I didn’t use the Ben Morris episodes of Pat Novak because neither I nor the fans of the day cared much for them. However, I provide them for those who’d like to listen to them:
- John Brown Gambling Ring (Original Air Date: August 2, 1947)
- The Mysterious Set of Books(Original Air Date: August 9, 1947)
- The Lydia Reynolds Case (Original Air Date: November 23, 1947)
- Death in Herald Square (Original Air Date: November 30, 1947)
Log information provided by Digital Deli.
*Played Out of Order